|Doctrines|| ||Krishnamurti was an 'anti-guru guru', and as such had no formal doctrine. He denounced organized religion, belief, ritual and gurus, and refused to consider his many students and admirers as followers. However, his teaching is contained in over 40 books, nearly all translated into the world's major languages, based on over 50 years of teaching. His spiritual vision is close to Buddhism in its insistence that truth is formless and timeless and cannot be known by the conditioned mind, but only by direct perception. He has spoken extensively on the nature of the mind, meditation, time, truth, relationship and sexuality, fear, freedom and peace. One of his main concerns was whether human beings could live without conflict, and he maintained that all outer and interpersonal conflict arose from a lack of inner harmony derived from a false sense of separation between self and other, the observer and the observed. He taught that through simply remaining with whatever is, non-judgmentally, truth arises. Above all, his insistence was that each individual should find out the nature of truth for oneself, without reliance on any external authority, including Krishnamurti himself.|
|History|| ||Krishnamurti (1895-1985) was 'discovered' as a child on an Indian beach by the Theosophist leaders C.W. Leadbeater and Annie Besant, and brought up by them to be the new World Teacher and leader of the Theosophy movement. In 1929 he repudiated this role and dissolved the Order of the Star that had been built up to promote his work. The Theosophical Society then split, half the membership following him. From then onwards he taught in his own right, travelling round the world holding camps in his main study centres in Britain, Switzerland, America and India. He had a particular interest in education, and founded 11 schools. Along with Gurdjieff, he is considered the most influential Eastern spiritual teacher of the twentieth century; his admirers include philosophers, writers and scientists such as David Bohm, Iris Murdoch, Jonas Salk, Renee Weber, and Huston Smith. |
|Symbols|| ||Symbolism had no place in the austere simplicity of Krishnamurti's thought and teaching, which is close to Calvinism in its rejection of ritual and symbol. Despite his Indian birth, Theosophical upbringing, and closeness to Eastern monism, his language is stripped bare of the imagery common to Eastern traditions and comes closer to Western philosophy. His appearance and lifestyle were Western and he required no external changes in his students, who continued their normal lives apart from a few who worked full-time in the centres. He may therefore be seen in the tradition of Indian teachers and gurus who have visited and influenced the West, but not as representing Hinduism though close to the Upanishadic vision.|
|Adherents|| ||There is no formal membership of the Krishnamurti foundation Tens of thousands have been students of Krishnamurti, and as one of the best known teachers he has been an important influence on hundreds of thousands.|
| ||Krishnamurti Foundation Trust Ltd, Brockwood Park, Bramdean, Hampshire SO24 0LQ, UK.|
Krishnamurti Foundation of America, PO Box 1560, Ojai, CA 93023, USA.