|Doctrines|| ||Maturidiyyah, along with
Ash'ariyyah, forms the basis of orthodox Sunni theology. Maturidi
theology can best be understood in comparison with that of Mu'tazilah and
One of the principal theological questions with which each of these schools engaged concerned the role of human reason in the development of religious faith. Unlike the school of al-Ash 'ari which claimed that knowledge of God derives from revelation through the prophets, Maturidiyyah argues that knowledge of God's existence can be derived through reason alone.
Another major issue that concerned all three schools was the relationship between human freedom and divine omnipotence. Maturidiyyah claims that although humanity has a free will God is still all-powerful and in control of history. It is humanity's ability to distinguish between good and evil that means that humanity is responsible for whatever good or evil actions are performed.
The third major issue concerned God's attributes. Ash'ariyyah teaches that what the Qur'an says about God's attributes must be accepted as correct even though we do not properly understand the meaning of many of the statements about God.
|History|| ||Maturidiyyah is a Sunni
theological school named after its founder Abu Mansur al-Maturidi (d.944).
In the Mamluk age the school came to be widely recognised as the second
orthodox Sunni theological school beside Ash'ariyyah. Resident in
Samarqand in Central Asia, al-Maturidi had little impact on mainstream
Islamic intellectual life during his lifetime. Maturidiyyah only came to
be important as a result of its acceptance by the Turkish tribes of
Central Asia. The Maturidi school of theology gradually came to prevail
among the Hanafite communities everywhere. Because the Turks were mostly
Hanafite the Turkish expansion through the Ottoman empire enabled the
Hanafite and Maturidite schools to spread throughout western Persia, Iraq,
Anatolia, and Syria.|
|Symbols|| ||As a school of law
Malikiyyah has no symbols.|
|Adherents|| ||Today nearly 53% of
Sunni Muslims are Hanafites, and the majority of Hanafites are
Maturidites. Maturidiyyah is now present in Turkey, the Balkans, Central
Asia, China, India, Pakistan and Eritrea. |
school has no headquarters or main centre.|